 MEASUREMENT CONVERSION TABLES
FOR INTERNATIONAL RECIPES

Standard Measurements

1 cup = 24 centiliter (cl) or 240 milliliter (ml)
1 tablespoon (tbsp) = 15 milliliter (ml)
1 teaspoon (tsp) = 5 milliliter (ml)
1 fluid ounce (oz) = 30 milliliter (ml)
1 pound (lb) = 454 grams (gm)

Basic Cooking Rule: 16 ounces = 1 pound

Weight

Note(s):
– The two most commonly used units of weight (or mass) measurement for cooking in the United States are the ounce and the pound.
– Do not confuse the ounce of weight with the fluid ounce, because they are not the same; there is no standard conversion between weight and volume unless you know the density of the ingredient.
– To make matters worse, there are different kinds of weight measurement; Avoirdupois weight, Troy weight, and Apothecaries weight. In the U.S., when someone refers to pounds and ounces of weight (especially in cooking) they are usually referring to Avoirdupois weight.

Standard conversions:
1 ounce = 28.35 grams
1 pound = 453.59 grams
1 gram = 0.035 ounce
100 grams = 3.5 ounces
1000 grams = 2.2 pounds
1 kilogram = 35 ounces
1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds

Volume

1 milliliter = 1/5 teaspoon
1 milliliter = 0.03 fluid ounce
1 teaspoon = 5 milliliters
1 tablespoon = 15 milliliters
1 fluid ounce = 30 milliliters
1 fluid cup = 236.6 milliliters
1 quart = 946.4 milliliters
1 liter (1000 milliliters) = 34 fluid ounces
1 liter (1000 milliliters) = 4.2 cups
1 liter (1000 milliliters) = 2.1 fluid pints
1 liter (1000 milliliters) = 1.06 fluid quarts
1 liter (1000 milliliters) = 0.26 gallon
1 gallon = 3.8 liters

Temperature

Conversion formulas:
C = (F – 32) X 5/9
F = (C X 9/5) + 32

Standard conversions:
32F = 0C
40F = 4.4C
100F = 37.7C
200F = 93.3C
225F = 107.2C
250F = 121.1C
275F = 135C
300F = 148.9C
325F = 162.8C
350F = 176.7C
375F = 190.6C
400F = 204.4C
425F = 218.3C
450F = 232.2C
475F = 246.1C
500F = 260C

Distance

1 inch = 2.5 centimeters
1 foot = 30 centimeters
1 millimeter = 0.04 inch
1 centimeter = 0.4 inch
1 meter = 3.3 feet

Abbreviations (Standard English)

cup = C
fluid cup = fl C
fluid ounce = fl oz
fluid quart = fl qt
foot = ft
gallon = gal
inch = in
ounce = oz
pint = pt
pound = lb
quart = qt
tablespoon = T or Tbsp
teaspoon = t or tsp
yard = yd

Metric

millimeter = mm
centimeter = cm
meter = m
kilometer = km
milliliter = mL
liter = L
milligram = mg
gram = g
kilogram = kg

Unusual Weights and Measures

1 bit = 2 pinches
1 smidgen = 4 bits
1 dollop = 2 smidgens
1 gaggle = 3 dollops
1 gaggle = 2 glugs
1 blanket = 2 glugs
1 smothering = 3 blankets

Dry Unit, Liquid Unit

1 pint, dry = 1.1636 pints, liquid
1 quart, dry = 1.1636 quarts, liquid
1 gallon, dry = 1.1636 gallons, liquid

Counting

Note:
Many foods are sold in quantities of dozen or gross. Eggs are a good example of something that you buy by the dozen. When referring to more than one dozen or gross, you do not add an “s” to the end; instead, you precede the word by the amount as follows.

Usage Examples:
One dozen eggs
Three dozen people
Five gross of pencils
It is also very common to use the phrase “half dozen” to mean six.
1 Dozen = 12
1 Gross = 12 Dozen or 144

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