IT’S NOT HALLOWEEN BUT IT IS A DAY TO HONOR THE DEAD!
The 1st of November is a national holiday in Italy, known as Tutti i Santi or Ognissanti, which celebrates All Saints Day and is followed by All Souls Day, Il Giorno dei Morti, on the 2nd of November, a day devoted to honor loved ones who have passed away.
Il Giorno dei Morti begins at dawn with a somber Mass for the dead, offering prayers and alms for the deceased. After Mass, families visit the graveyard to pay tribute to the faithful who have gone before them. At the cemetery, the graves of family members are decorated with mums and candles.
I had a wonderful experience several years ago when Charlie and I were in Italy and most fortunately again in my favored Montefolloico, the little town where my Father was born and where I still have a much loved family. That night in the dark we, young children, elderly and teenagers, walked on an old country road, some with candles, some with flashlights but all singing. We made our way to the cimitero.
There the graves had all been lovingly decorated and the little candles softly illuminated the area and it was peaceful and beautiful in the moonlight. There in the little semi-open air Chapel the local priest said mass. We sang more songs and then made our way back home. I don’t think I will ever enjoy All Souls Day the same way again, but I hope someday to return and experience it.
Yet, the day is not solely a solemn affair as the remembrance of the deceased will, as always happens in Italy, turn into a celebratory occasion inmost regions, especially in Sicily.
In Sicily, this ‘day of the dead’ is known as “U juornu re muorti”. Children wake up hoping to find a treat from relatives not yet forgotten. The ‘muorti’ bring presents of toys and sweets. The tradition serves to strengthen family bonds, linking children to family members who have come and gone before them.
In Palermo, Palermitani follow tradition and go to the cemetery early. Entire families, on foot or in cars, bringing flowers and food. Usually the roads leading to the cemeteries are caravans of cars, full of children and baskets of food. After paying respects to their departed loved ones, sadness sends and everyone happily begins to eat.
Of course, there is a very special cookie baked in every household for this holiday called–Ossi Dei Morti. or Bones of the Dead!
These “bones of the dead” are traditionally made to commemorate Day of the Dead. Many versions of this sweet biscuit are baked throughout Italy and the name varies as well. In some places it’s called “fava dei morti,” or “beans of the dead,” instead of “bones”—not quite as creepy!
This is an adaptation of a recipe from the Basilicata region in southern Italy. Made with Strega, an anise-flavored liqueur that also means “witch,” they’re intended more for grown-ups than kids. It includes the unusual step of dropping the cookies into boiling water before baking, a bit similar to the way that bagels are boiled after they are formed and before they are baked, to give them their unique texture.
- 8-9 cups all-purpose flour (unbleached)-or as needed
- 1/3 c lard (or vegetable shortening)
- 10 large eggs (lightly beaten)
- 2/3 cup Strega liqueur–or any anise flavored liqueur such as Sambuca or Galiano
- 2/3 cup granulated sugar
- 1/3 cup olive oil
- Zest of 1 small lemon (finely grated, ideally using a Micro plane grater)
- Have a pot of boiling water ready
1. Preheat your oven to 400 F with a rack in the middle position.
2. Cut the lard or shortening into the flour using a pastry cutter or fork, or pulse them together with a food processor a few times until just blended. Transfer mixture to a large mixing bowl.
3. Stir in the beaten eggs, one third at a time, stirring with a wooden spoon after each addition until well blended.
4. Add the liqueur, sugar, olive oil and lemon zest, and mix until combined.
5. Set a large pot of water to boil over high heat.
6. Meanwhile, using your fingers, pinch off lumps of the dough and shape each lump into a stick about 3 inches long. Cut a small slit into the middle of each end, then pinch and mold each side with your fingers to form a rough bone shape.
7. When the water is boiling, boil the bone cookies, a few at a time, just until they float—remove them from the water immediately as soon as they start to float, using a slotted spoon or fine-mesh skimmer, draining away excess water by gently shaking the spoon or skimmer over the pot.
8. Arrange the cookies on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet and bake until well browned about 20 minutes. Remove from oven and let cool completely on a wire cooling rack.
9. When cookies are completely cooled, sprinkle them liberally and evenly with powdered sugar. The best way to do this is to use a fine-mesh sieve, held high above the cookies, and firmly tap the side of the sieve with the fingers of the other hand.
10. Serve and enjoy!
NOTE: not all of our family enjoys anise type flavorings so I have substituted other liqueur sat time even though not at all traditional. Unbelievably in this day and age many Italians are very superstitious “superstizioso” or “sfiga” which also means bad luck!!!
All Souls Day has a double meaning for me as on this day I have a very special soul to remember. A daughter taken from us too soon. The sorrow nor the memory ever goes away. So I post this for all the Mothers who carried a child they barely got to hold or ever got to kiss, but now hold in their heart.